Hello and welcome to this week’s edition of HealthBeat, Chiropractic OnLine Today’s Health, News and Informational Podcast.
In this week’s news: We’ll Be Looking At –
- Mindfulness Meditation-Based Pain Relief
- And Finally, a Story about Exercise for Non-Specific Low Back Pain
For HealthBeat …. This is Dr. Todd Eglow!
Welcome to HealthBeat Podcast #545 recorded April 1, 2016. (No Joke!)
HealthBeat is Chiropractic OnLine Today’s radio program, providing current news and commentary about Chiropractic and Health.
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And Now for some news ….
Mindfulness Meditation-Based Pain Relief
Mindfulness meditation reduces pain in experimental and clinical settings. However, it remains unknown whether mindfulness meditation engages pain-relieving mechanisms other than those associated with the placebo effect (e.g., conditioning, psychosocial context, beliefs).
To determine whether the analgesic mechanisms of mindfulness meditation are different from placebo, the authors of a study published in The Journal of Neuroscience, randomly assigned 75
healthy, human volunteers to 4 d of the following: (1) mindfulness meditation, (2) placebo conditioning, (3) sham mindfulness meditation, or (4) book-listening control intervention. We assessed intervention efficacy using psychophysical evaluation of experimental pain and functional neuroimaging.
Mindfulness meditation reduced pain intensity and pain unpleasantness ratings more than placebo analgesia.
Mindfulness meditation also reduced pain intensity (p 0.030) and pain unpleasantness (p 0.043) ratings more than sham mindfulness meditation.
This study is the first to demonstrate that mindfulness-related pain relief is mechanistically distinct from placebo analgesia. The elucidation of this distinction confirms the existence of multiple, cognitively driven, supraspinal mechanisms for pain modulation.
Surf to our Show Notes for Links – http://jn.sfn.org/press/November-18-2015-issue/zns04615015307.pdf
Exercise for Non-Specific Low Back Pain
Exercise can be an effective component of treatment for many chronic conditions from knee osteoarthritis to type 2 diabetes, but physicians must be aware of the details of evidence-based interventions for the specific condition to properly prescribe it for their patients, according to a multidisciplinary review and how-to guide published online recently in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
A section of this review looked at exercise for non-specific low back pain.
According to the Rationale for exercise for non-specific low back pain, each type of exercise has a different rationale.
The two main types that can be used are motor control exercises and graded activity. Motor control exercise: Aims to retrain control of the trunk muscles, posture and movement patterns, using principles of motor learning such as segmentation and simplification.
Graded activity exercise: Aims to improve a patient’s ability to complete functional activities and incorporates principles from cognitive behavioural therapy and exercise science.
The program addresses physical impairments, such as impaired endurance, muscle strength and balance, but also considers psychological barriers to activity resumption, such as pain-related fear, low self-efficacy or misunderstandings about back pain.
As always, discuss all exercise suggestions with your Qualified Healthcare Provider.
Surf to our Show Notes for links – http://www.cmaj.ca/content/early/2016/03/14/cmaj.150684
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For Chiropractic OnLine Today’s HealthBeat, This has been
Dr. Todd Eglow.